How to provide a good overall logistics and warehousing solutions
First, all the programs are designed to solve the problems that arise at the current stage of the enterprise or the various measures formulated to achieve the pre-set goals of the enterprise. Therefore, at the beginning of the production program, the purpose of the program and the objectives to be achieved must be clear. Clearly this is tantamount to a clear focus and balance for future design work. As a warehouse, the goal is nothing more than increasing the amount of storage in a limited space, increasing space utilization or speeding up turnover and shortening the inventory cycle, but these goals are not fully satisfied at any time and sometimes exist A certain conflict, this time you need to have a balance, to weigh how to choose. After the target is set, it also needs to communicate with relevant departments. In particular, the use of units, new targets and new ways will inevitably break the old mode of operation. Therefore, allowing users to understand the purpose of the new program and supporting the new plan will greatly Contribute to the implementation of the program.
Secondly, good programs are based on data analysis. The best way to obtain data is to discuss with the relevant operators. This process can not only grasp first-hand information but also enable Site staff have the opportunity to provide advice on the planning objectives. According to the different nature of the enterprise, the required data is also flexible. The basic data can be divided into two parts: site status and operation data. The site status such as the area of the warehouse, the height, the division of the area, the condition of the surrounding roads and the environmental requirements, Standards, fire safety requirements and more. The operating information is relatively complex, including the operation of the unit (tray, courier box, a single, into a box, etc.), the frequency of entering and leaving the stock, safety stock considerations, reserve requirements, picking delivery mode, the flow of ABC Analysis and more. After obtaining the information, we need to make a systematic analysis of the data. During the analysis, we should ask such questions as 1. How much space is needed to meet such a reserve? 2. What kind of storage method and delivery method should be used? 3. Existing equipment to meet it, what kind of equipment should be used? 4. How should space be rationally allocated?
Third, understand the inherent mode of operation or characteristics of the enterprise. Generally speaking, the warehouse can be divided into two categories, one is the third-party logistics distribution center, one is the self-built distribution center. These two types of warehouse, because of the different objects of the service, will inevitably lead to different methods of operation. Third-party logistics is usually for a number of different vendors to serve, therefore requires its logistics solutions have strong adaptability, to meet the requirements of frequent changes. The self-built warehouse is more personalized, usually for the company's own products or customers of the same nature, such as stores, requiring its logistics solutions targeted, a part of the handling capacity is outstanding, the form is relatively fixed, to meet The requirements of a certain period.
Fourth, how to achieve the balance between reserves and efficiency in the design process. Reserves and efficiency are two basic indicators to consider the advantages and disadvantages of warehousing programs. Reserves represent the space utilization rate, and the efficiency depends largely on the rationality of spatial layout. This section is the key to a reasonable logistics solution and there are many factors to consider. For example, in the storage area, and sometimes in order to increase reserves, the forklift to the roadway is very tight, which inevitably reduces the efficiency of forklift operators, thereby reducing the efficiency of import and export; another example, warehouse operations, there must be flow of people, logistics, Traffic flow (except for automated warehouses), space-saving practice is that the three operations on the same route, but it is difficult to avoid mutual interference, while bringing security issues. So how to weigh trade-offs, we think, should give priority to efficiency in the premise of meeting reserves. To put it simply, warehouse operations are a combination of operations at all levels. Considering the efficiency of a certain part alone can not meet the requirements of the whole operation, it requires a comprehensive and comprehensive planning.
Fifth, the amount of investment and investment efficiency is also an important factor affecting the enterprise logistics solutions, after the initial completion of the program, the need for its benefit analysis. For storage-based warehouses, the benefits are mainly reflected in the cost per unit of storage. The construction investment, labor costs, total investment in equipment together, divided by the total number of storage, you can get the amount of money each storage space, in order to compare the pros and cons of different programs. For distribution-based distribution centers, the benefit analysis is relatively complex and needs to be considered in combination with the operation mode. In addition to evaluating the cost of each storage location, the unit time processing capacity that the solution can achieve can also be calculated. By some assistive software can help calculate.
Sixthly, all the work that has been done before can be said to be a summary based on theory and experience. Before implementation, fieldwork simulation should also be conducted to verify its feasibility. Simulation is best carried out under the coordination of personnel in the work area. Because they are the specific executors of the system, they are most familiar with the product status and the mode of operation of the enterprise, and are also easy to find defects and deficiencies in the system so as to facilitate the amendment of the logistics scheme designers . Now there are related simulation software, but most of them are used in large freight yard such as container terminal.
Seventh, there are some places to pay attention when designing the warehousing and logistics solutions. For example, when the scheme is proposed, many manufacturers begin to consider the storage scheme after the completion of the architectural design and have started to consider the storage scheme. Due to the influence of column spacing, Resulting in a waste of space, so the best time should be before the civil construction. Another example is the flexibility of the program to consider, a good design should have some capacity to expand, the full warehouse is usually less efficient. Another example is the consideration of the peak period of cargo flow, whether the design ability can meet the requirements of the peak period, etc., should be taken into consideration.
Do logistics work for many years, I felt the importance of enterprises in the logistics is not in place, the basic business of logistics information is not complete, resulting in no basis for decision-making logistics enterprises, investment spent, logistics costs can not be reduced, efficiency can not be improved.
Logistics information is the basic information of the enterprise logistics management. We carry out some superficial discussion on the issue of enterprise logistics volume, hoping to help the current enterprise logistics management.
The following two aspects to talk about: logistics and analytic traffic.
Definition of logistics volume and analysis of logistics volume
A) What is the volume of logistics? The size and quantity of unitized goods is the volume of logistics. Logistics volume is divided into static and dynamic two forms of existence: Static refers to the inventory does not move, including factories, logistics centers, circulation process, the sales store inventory. Dynamic refers to the amount of movement, including production, shipping volume, delivery volume, sales and so on.
B) How to analyze the flow of goods?
I. Purpose of Analyze Logistics Flow: Calculate logistics scale, master logistics speed, calculate logistics cost and evaluate logistics system's efficiency. Improve logistics equipment or facilities, determine the scale of investment in the logistics sector, analyze the effects and establish logistics solutions.
Ii.3 kinds of analysis methods:
(1) Unit Analysis:
A) Define the calculation unit of logistics volume
i. Logistics units generally have trays, crates, a single material in the three, in the logistics process, the unit is often converted to a box tray unit, the box unit is converted to a single material, or a single material is converted to a box unit, Converting a box unit into a tray unit. Carefully analyze the logistics of this process, to determine the type of logistics equipment portfolio selection, demand.
B) Unit Analysis: Unit Definition of Workplace Appliances and Logistics Containers (Core Issues for Correct Application of Unitized Products)
I. How to choose a product, how to choose a unitized product in a logistics system, and how to determine the form, specification and type of the product must be based on system analysis and deduced.
Ii. How to combine specific production and operation processes to define the unitized product is the requirement of logistics system operation, and it is constantly changing according to the development and progress of work.
Iii. The definition of unitization work is more professional work, often in a logistics system planning should be completed earnestly. Many multinational corporations have relevant corporate norms and are valuable lessons learned from the constant help of professional firms over many years of work. With the development of enterprises and environmental changes, this work also needs continuous optimization.
(2) ABC Analysis: ABC analysis of the amount of logistics, the basic rules of the general business are:
A) Category A accounts for 5%, logistics accounts for 70%.
B) 25% of B projects and 25% of logistics.
C) 75% of C projects and 5% of logistics.
D) On the basis of ABC classification, the enterprises shall manage the design schemes of ABC categories respectively.
(3) Dynamic Analysis: Correctly analyzing the trend of logistics volume in year, season, month, week, day and hour can correctly analyze the logistics. Analyze the flow of goods, you know the logistics needs of any time, in order to determine the level of logistics services. Few enterprises in a year of logistics volume is little change, the product has the peak season, the production of high and low points. When the logistics volume changes, the difficulty of logistics management of enterprises has increased. Through the dynamic analysis of the logistics volume, the peak countermeasures of the logistics scheme can be analyzed and analyzed, for example, short season strategy, JIT strategy and so on.
Enterprises in the analysis of common problems in the work flow
Many of the clients I serve are well-known large enterprises in China. With the increasingly fierce competition, all have to seriously study the logistics management problems inside and outside the enterprise. In the process of reform, they encounter the suggestions of logistics companies and Programs are often unable to make any determination and can not judge whether these rational proposals are right or wrong. Right now, right this year, next year? Extremist situation? Many new industrial parks and new factories are under construction. Is it as expected that a low-cost and efficient logistics system will be reached? A question comes out, how to know the logistics program is correct? How to make determined investment? Many companies have failed experience, invested, do go on, the old problem is not completely solved, new problems came out again.
For example, an automobile manufacturer should implement JIT production and lean production. Many companies provide suggestions from different perspectives. They propose that a certain product should be purchased to improve the site environment and management as an enterprise Speaking, as long as asked a few why, my heart hung up, in the end right?
For example: Is it enough to use the five kinds of containers commonly used in the automotive industry as the main container? Or re-development of three other specifications to achieve tailored?
Unit container in the end how to define?
delivery of materials in the end is a tractor or forklift?
delivery frequency how to grasp?
in the end warehouse built much?
building an automated warehouse short-term, medium-term, long-term is not it
the best solution?
create a VNA library is not causing the bottleneck in the library?
peak and low state of the logistics volume, logistics organization and countermeasures?
how to define the logistics cooperation with suppliers?
all the logistics equipment in several phases into? How to define the scale of each period? ...
The above questions are really not very good answer. Not a bunch of people sitting together to discuss a few times to be able to correctly decided. The reason is that many companies do not have the ability to establish the volume of business logistics information, logistics solutions like the sky, only a headache, can not completely solve the problem.
In helping the establishment of logistics solutions in the process, if the analysis of logistics capacity can get the attention of enterprises, still can spend a lot of manpower and months to establish the flow of information, if not the attention of enterprises, they can only Doing a best to make some limited improvements to the customer's logistics system.
A) Recognition of logistics standards
Improve the speed of logistics is the life of logistics management, only to change the delivery method can not increase the speed of logistics, more importantly, the improvement of loading and unloading work, usually in a company's logistics process 7-8 loading and unloading process, The manpower can only be delivered at a capacity of 20-30 kg at a time. Therefore, if manpower is used for loading and unloading work only, the speed of logistics can not be increased. Modern logistics sites work on pallets as operating units, and on average the pallet loads 1 tonne of goods , Using forklifts and other mechanized handling means, work efficiency 40 times higher than human work.
Logistics throughput is not how many tons, not how many pieces in and out, but for the various elements of the logistics business, the use of unitization technology to define the handling and storage of logistics unit size and speed. Logistics system management and logistics equipment portfolio is used to complete the task of the enterprise's logistics volume.
In factories and logistic centers with large logistics volume, manpower costs have also risen sharply. Palletization and mechanization are the only way to go.
Using a package of economic size chains, it is important to fully understand the importance of logistics standardization.
Logistics unitization refers to the packing container, handling equipment, transportation equipment, warehouse equipment and other components of the logistics system portfolio in its specifications have a certain economic relationship between the size of the chain, in line with the provisions of the logistics module size.
The standard palletization of goods requires two important indexes of pallet loading rate and logistics standardization rate.
The combination of logistics equipment to be able to make the tray in a logistics process smoothly passed the logistics system to become a unit load system. Throughout the logistics process.
In Europe, the logistics environment is more complex and diverse than our country. However, his standardization rate of logistics reaches 90% and the loading rate of pallets reaches more than 95%. The container, forklift, stacker, tractor, shelf, Size chain design, the result, the natural formation of the unit loading system across Europe, the lowest logistics costs, the highest efficiency. This shows that the packaging of the first step wrong, there is no standardization, everything is wrong.
In order to increase the speed of logistics and reduce the cost of logistics, enterprises must introduce the unit load system, therefore, the unitization of logistics must be thoroughly implemented. Strive for the pallet load of goods reached 95%.
The above correct concept of logistics work is fully received by the enterprise, after a solid application of the unitization of technology, we can get the correct information on the amount of logistics, logistics planning finally has a solid foundation.
B) Scientific analysis
As the enterprise itself, often do not have sufficient knowledge of logistics and logistics industry experience, should be based on the analysis methods mentioned above, the organization of internal forces, combined with professional logistics company, the actual situation of the business and logistics professional The combination of knowledge and experience, a real analysis of the logistics business, the establishment of basic information on business logistics and management practices.
C) System Management
Logistics improvement programs should be divided into short-term plans within one year, 3-4 years of medium-term plan and long-term plan of more than 5 years. Establish a comprehensive logistics improvement plan. Should consider reorganization of logistics organizations. The most important thing is that with the aid of external forces, it is imperative to organize logistics project teams within the company to work closely with external consultants and be able to accept work after the consultation is completed, maintain the logistics resources of enterprises, and continuously promote the improvement of logistics ability.