A Smarter Warehouse. Efficient warehouse design is the foundation of an efficient supply chain, one that can service your customers in a timely fashion. ... Penske Logistics designs streamlined warehouse layouts that are built for the most efficient access to goods and overall execution of labor within your warehouse.
I. basic data.
The application of warehouse design is based on data. Without data, it is impossible to design. Blind shooting of the head can lead to the failure of decision making, resulting in significant economic losses. Therefore, in the overall storage design, the primary task is to obtain the basic data for the warehouse design.
In general, warehouse design requires the following basic data:
1. Product details: SKU material number, long width height, weight, stacking standard, storage requirements.
2. Product outbound data: warehousing details and outbound details.
3. Historical inventory data: suggest 1 year historical inventory data.
Hardware design drawings: 4, warehouse floor plan of the rolls, homework door/post/homework terminal distribution map, fire fighting equipment/lighting equipment, warehouse hardware parameters: the bearing, the ground type, etc.
5. Changing trend of warehouse business in the future: it can be seen from the industry for 1-3 years or 1-5 years.
Ii. Product analysis.
The most basic function of the warehouse is to store and access the product. When designing the warehouse, it is necessary to analyze the product. Different products have different requirements for storage mode, picking pattern and storage system.
In product analysis, it needs to be clear:
1. The number of SKU stored products;
2. Product packaging specification: long * width * height;
3. Product weight;
4. Storage characteristics and requirements of each SKU product;
5. Stacking standard of each SKU.
Iii. Data analysis.
Frankly, the data analysis is not well done in the logistics design industry at present, which is basically in the statistical level rather than the analysis level. In the current industry, various practices, some with EXCEL manual processing, professional some also have in the use of professional software.
From a professional point of view, we recommend that you adopt EIQ analysis method. EIQ analysis is to use the key elements of "E" "I" and "Q" to study the demand characteristics of distribution center and provide planning basis for distribution center. The theory was proposed and actively promoted by Japan's Mr. Suzuki. In which, E means "Entry" and "I" means "Item" and "Q" means "Quantity". It is the analysis of distribution characteristics and shipping characteristics from the aspects of product items, quantity and order number of customer orders.
I: refers to the type of product; Q refers to the amount of output and inventory of products. EIQ analysis is the POS system of the logistics center. The system planning of the logistics system is carried out to analyze the characteristics of the shipment from the perspective of the category, quantity and order number of customer orders. E (the order quantity of the order entry), I (types of goods item), Q (quantity), is a key factor in the characteristic of logistics, the EIQ analysis is to use E, I, Q the three key factors, logistics to the study of the characteristics of logistics system, for the basic programming.
At the level of data analysis, EQ, IQ, EN analysis is required, and the product is analyzed by ABC. Through these analyses, we can specify product turnover, sku flow and storage.
In the storage design, data processing and analysis is the most basic but the most important one. There are many tutorials on EIQ analysis on the Internet, so you can study and study deeply. In addition, data processing and analysis, if there are conditions to recommend software, there are also many professional data processing software on the market. But a single logistics software has been unable to meet the demand of the development of modern logistics, at the same time, a lot of warehousing logistics enterprises commonly used WMS and TMS are relatively independent, basic data interface and information exists individuation, unable to docking link, it will bring a lot of trouble to the customer, logistics and electronic business enterprise more in need of a kind of integration of all subsystems, improve enterprise management level and efficient operation of the software platform, such as "honeycomb" supply chain "warehouse with integrated service platform".
4. Operation process design.
In industrial production, each step of each step is strictly followed by the production process. The same is true for warehousing operations. According to the theory of industrial production, it is also a strict production process from the warehousing of goods to the disposal of the warehouse to the production of products. Therefore, in the process of warehouse design, it is necessary to design the warehouse operation process.
The warehouse operation process includes:
1. Design of warehousing process: how to unload the goods and how to put them on the shelves?
2. Inventory process design: daily disk, weekly disk, monthly disk, and inventory method.
3. Design of outbound process: replenishment process, picking process, loading process.
4. Design of the document delivery process: how to transfer the documents of warehousing, picking up documents, warehouse receipts and bill of lading?
5. Functional regional planning.
Different industries have different requirements for functional area design. For example, the fast consumer goods industry has different functional area requirements for e-commerce stores. At the same time, different warehouse types in the same industry will have different functions, such as the central distribution center (CDC) and the regional distribution center (RDC).
The planning of the functional area of the warehouse needs to clarify the principle of functional design, the definition and properties of functional area variables, and design the functional area in combination with the two.
For example, in the FMCG industry, the following functions need to be considered:
1. Storage area;
2. Sorting function area;
3. Stock buffer.
4. Access buffer;
5. Equipment and charging area.
6. Tray storage area.
Vi. Cargo planning and design.
Cargo planning and design should first consider the storage mode of the product, whether it is random, specified or mixed. At the same time, define the principle of the position planning and determine the layout of the goods.
7. Input design.
A successful warehouse design solution must be the most efficient and efficient solution to meet the requirements of the project operation. The hardware input of the warehouse, the personnel and equipment of the warehouse operation, is the main cost input in the warehouse. I have noticed that many research warehouse designs tend to overlook the input of personnel and equipment. In this way, the solution can be done on a large scale, but often in practice cannot be landed.
Personnel and equipment input may consider the following factors:
1. Personnel input: warehouse management post, warehouse operation post, system processing post, etc., how to configure the peak valley personnel?
2. Equipment input: storage equipment, handling equipment, system equipment, etc.
Viii. Program output.
After completing the above steps, you need to output the overall warehouse scheme. The recommended output includes the following:
1. Able to map the region.
2. Warehouse CDA plan, 3D drawing.
3. The simulation simulation video is also recommended if there are any conditions.
4. As the designer of the warehousing project, you will often need a warehouse input and output analysis table.
Warehouse design projects often require the assistance of design tools, and there are many different software and tools available on the market, which is very useful.
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