Modern logistics development trend
With the entry into the new century and the acceleration of the global economic integration process, companies are facing a particularly fierce competitive environment. The flow and deployment of resources on a global scale has been greatly strengthened. Countries around the world have paid more attention to logistics development for their own economic development, quality of life, and military Strengthen the influence, pay more attention to the modernization of logistics, so that modern logistics presents a series of new trends. According to the new situation of domestic and international logistics development, the future development trend of logistics can be summarized as information, networking, automation, electronic, sharing, collaboration, integration, intelligence, mobility, standardization, flexibility, socialization And globalization.
The modern society has stepped into the information age. Logistics informatization is an inevitable requirement and an important part of social informatization. Logistics information is manifested in: commercialization of logistics information, coding and intelligence of logistics information collection, electronic and computerized logistics information processing, standardization and real-time logistics information transmission, digitalization of logistics information storage and logistics Sharing of business data. It is the basis for the development of modern logistics. Without information, no advanced technology and equipment can be used smoothly. The application of information technology will completely change the face of the world's logistics. More new information technologies will be popular in future logistics operations. use.
Informatization has promoted the change of logistics functions, which has led to a shift in the leading functions of product production centers and commercial trade centers in industrial societies. The traditional logistics industry uses objects as objects and gathers and disperses things. The information society is Information is the target. Logistics no longer merely transports products, but also transmits information. For example, in addition to physical objects, the logistics center's function of gathering and gathering also completes the collection and transmission of various kinds of information. Various kinds of information are gathered there and processed and processed. Use and spread out for social use. In short, the information society makes the function of logistics more powerful and forms a comprehensive social and economic service center.
Networking refers to the organization network and information network system of logistics system. In terms of organization, it is the physical connection and business system among supply chain members. The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) has listed radio frequency identification (RFID), sensor technology, nanotechnology, and smart embedded technology as the key technologies of the Internet of Things. This process requires efficient logistics network support. The information network is the business operation between the enterprises in the supply chain to transfer and share information through the Internet, and use electronic means to complete the operation. For example, distribution centers issuing orders to suppliers can use the online electronic ordering system to be implemented via the Internet. Delivery notifications to downstream distributors can also be realized through online distribution systems and even mobile handheld devices.
The basis of logistics automation is informatization, and the core is electromechanical integration. Its external performance is unmanned and the effect is labor-saving. In addition, it can also expand logistics capabilities, increase labor productivity, and reduce errors in logistics operations. There are many technologies for logistics automation, such as automatic radio frequency identification, automated warehouse, automatic access, automatic sorting, automatic guidance and automatic positioning, and automatic tracking of goods. These technologies have been commonly used in logistics operations in economically developed countries. In China, although certain technologies have been adopted, it will take quite a long time to achieve universal application.
E-commerce refers to e-commerce in logistics operations. It is also based on information and networking. It concretely manifests itself as follows: the steps of the business process are realized electronically and paperlessly; the currency of the business is digitized and digitized; the trading commodity is symbolized and digitized; the business process is fully automated and transparent; the transaction place and market space are virtual To achieve individualization of consumer behavior; to achieve a borderless enterprise or supply chain; to achieve network and global market structure, and so on. As one of the key factors in the development of e-commerce, logistics is the foundation and carrier of business flow, information flow, and capital flow. Electronicization has made transnational logistics more frequent and the demand for logistics has become stronger.
Supply chain management emphasizes the cooperation of the members on the chain and the efficient use of the overall resources of the society, maximizing the resources to meet the needs of the overall market. Only when a win-win partnership is established can companies achieve a high degree of collaboration among business processes and efficient use of resources. Through the sharing of resources, information, technology, knowledge, business processes, etc., we can achieve optimal allocation of social resources and logistics services. The advantages complement each other and quickly respond to market demands. In recent years, some new supply chain management strategies, such as VMI, JIT II, CPFR, Fourth Party Logistics, RSP, and DI, have achieved the sharing of information, technology, knowledge, customers, and markets.
The ever-changing market demands and increasingly fierce competitive environment require companies to have the ability to communicate with upstream and downstream businesses in real time. Enterprises not only need to grasp the needs of customers in time, respond to, track and meet requirements more quickly, but also enable suppliers to have predictable capabilities for their own needs, and to be able to grasp suppliers' supply capabilities so that they can provide more for themselves. Good supply. In order to achieve logistics cooperation, partners need to share business information, integrate business processes, and jointly perform business such as forecasting, planning, execution, and performance evaluation. However, only if enterprises have truly realized all-round coordination, can logistics operations have faster response, better predictability, stronger ability to resist risks, reduce costs, and increase profits.
The logistics business is composed of multiple members and links. Global and collaborative logistics operations require closer business linkage among members of the logistics industry. Therefore, it is necessary to highly integrate business information and achieve integration and integration of the supply chain. Operation, shortening the relative length of the supply chain, making logistics operations smoother, more efficient, faster and closer to customers and needs. The integration is based on the optimization of business processes and the integration of information systems. Both of them need perfect information system support to integrate systems, information, services, processes, and resources. At the same time, integration is also the basis for sharing and collaboration. Without integration, sharing and collaboration cannot be achieved.
Intelligence is a high-level application of automation and informatization. Logistics involves a large number of operations and decisions, such as the optimization of the logistics network design, transportation (handling) routes and the selection of each transportation load, optimization of assembly of multiple cargoes, scheduling and scheduling of transportation tools, determination of stock levels, and replenishment The optimization of strategies, the allocation of limited resources, and the selection of distribution strategies all require intelligent optimization tools. In recent years, related technologies such as expert systems, artificial intelligence, simulation, operations research, business intelligence, data mining, and robotics have had relatively mature research results, and they have been applied in the actual logistics industry. As a new trend in logistics development, intelligence is also an indispensable prerequisite for achieving optimal operation of the Internet of Things.
Mobilization refers to the mobilization of information and business processing of logistics services. It is an inevitable choice for the development of modern mobile information technology. Since logistics operations are more embodied in the movement of carriers and payloads, all of them are in a mobile state except for temporary static storage links. Therefore, mobility has a more important and far-reaching significance for the logistics industry. Application of modern mobile information technology (communications, computers, Internet, GPS, GIS, RFID, sensing, intelligent, etc.) enables mobile data collection, mobile information transmission, mobile office, mobile tracking, mobile query, and mobile services in logistics operations Processing, mobile communication, mobile navigation control, mobile detection, mobile payment, mobile services, etc., and these services and objects form a closed-loop network system, in the true sense of the Internet of Things. It not only reduces logistics operations costs, accelerates response, increases efficiency, increases profitability, but also makes it more environmentally friendly, energy-efficient, and safe.
Standardization is a significant feature and development trend of modern logistics technology, and it is also the fundamental guarantee for realizing modern logistics. Handling and distribution of goods, storage and storage, loading and unloading, sorting and packaging, circulation processing, and other operations and information technology applications require scientific standards. For example, the standardization of logistics facilities, equipment and product packaging, information transmission, etc. Only by realizing the standardization of each link of the logistics system can we truly realize the informatization, automation, networking, and intelligence of logistics technology. Especially in the new century of economic and trade globalization, if there is no standardization, efficient global logistics operations cannot be realized, which will hinder the development process of economic globalization.